Additional information on the creation of ICS2
Security aspects were introduced into European Union customs legislation in 2005 and 2006 (Regulation (EC) 648/2005, 1875/2006) in response to the aftermath of the September 2001 terrorist attacks in the United States.
The purpose of these measures went beyond the terrorism-related security threats that emerged in international goods supply chains in the new millennium.These measures allow Member State customs authorities, in carrying out their duties (Article 3 of the EU Customs Code), to ensure the protection of the Union and its residents against a wider range of security risks posed by illicit trade.These measures, that are also aimed at achieving an adequate balance between customs controls and legitimate trade, consist of:
- The requirement to submit electronic data prior to the arrival of goods into the European Union (the entry summary declaration, ENS) to analyse and identify safety and security risks before goods reach the EU's external border
- The creation of an Advance Cargo Information System (Import Control System - ICS)
- The introduction of the Authorised Economic Operator (AEO) programme
- The deployment of a common risk management framework with controls based on electronic risk analysis techniques
- Control the movements of high-risk goods while identifying and facilitating cross-border movements of goods involved in legitimate trade.
As the new system came into force, new security threats emerged.The incident in Yemen in October 2010, in which a shipment containing improvised explosive devices was found on board an aircraft travelling through the European Union to the United States, revealed certain deficiencies and structural gaps in the system.
This led to a comprehensive review of the ICS1 and the entire risk management framework with a view to strengthening it and making it more responsive, efficient, effective and adaptable to new emerging threats.
This has led to the adoption of the EU Customs Risk Management Strategy and Action Plan, approved by the Council in 2014, which laid the groundwork for further reform of the legislative, computer and operational framework.
The cornerstone of the security and protection reform is a comprehensive revision of the ICS1 to turn it into a new large-scale advance cargo reporting programme supported by ICS2.It will be developed, deployed and operational gradually between 2021 and 2025.Its aim is to further strengthen the customs "first line of defence".