Accelerated depreciation (boxes 00313 and 00314)
According to the provisions of the first paragraph of article 11.3 of the LIS , the deduction of the excess of tax amortization due to the application of accelerated amortization with respect to accounting amortization is not conditional on its registration accounting in the profit and loss account.
Therefore, small companies benefiting from the tax incentive of accelerated depreciation under the terms of article 103 of the LIS must make the following adjustments in boxes [00313] and [00314] «Small companies: accelerated amortization (art. 103 LIS and DT 28 LIS)» on page 13 of model 200:

In box [00314] of reductions, they must include the amount of the excess of the tax amortization over the accounting amortization of the equity element in the tax period under consideration. of declaration. And in the tax periods subsequent to the one in which the asset element in question has been fully amortized for tax purposes, they must include in box [00313] of increases the amount of the corresponding accounting amortizations that they carry out.

In the tax period in which the transmission of the asset element covered by accelerated amortization occurs, they must include in the box [00313] of increases, the amount of the total of corresponding negative adjustments made and pending to be positively integrated into the tax base.
Below is an example on how small entities apply accelerated amortization, and another on how these entities apply freedom of amortization and accelerated amortization together, as well as how they must transfer these calculations to model 200 (you can consult an example on how to apply the freedom of amortization in section Freedom of amortization ).
Example 1:
The Joint Stock Company "L", which in 2022 meets the requirements for the application of tax incentives for small companies, acquires a computer, placing it at its disposal and putting it into operation. July 1, 2022 , all for an amount of 6,000 euros. It is estimated that the residual value of the element is insignificant, so the amortizable value coincides with the acquisition price.
The company decides to account for the depreciation of this computer by applying the maximum depreciation coefficients.
The entity also decides to carry out the taxdeductible amortization of the computer by applying the multiplier coefficient of 2 referred to in article 103 of the LIS. Likewise, the entity decides to carry out the accounting amortization of the computer according to its estimated technical depreciation, which is the result of applying a coefficient of 25%.
The financial year of the entity coincides with the calendar year. The taxdeductible amortization in fiscal year 2022 will be as follows:

Maximum coefficient applicable to the computer according to the officially approved amortization tables: 25%.

Application of the multiplier coefficient: 2 x 25% = 50%.

Accelerated amortization practiced: 6,000 x 0.5 ^{(1)} x 50% = 1,500 euros.
^{Note 1)} Amortization is carried out from the date of entry into operation of the amortizable element, in this case, July 1, 2022 . Therefore, in this exercise, said amortization must refer to that carried out in six months of the year 2022 of the LIS. ^{(Back)}
The accounting amortization carried out by Company “L” in fiscal year 2022 will be as follows:
6,000 x 0.5 ^{(2)} x 25% = 750 euros
^{Note (2)} Amortization is carried out from the date of entry into operation of the amortizable element, in this case, July 1, 2022 . Therefore, in this exercise, said amortization must refer to that carried out in six months of the year 2022 of the LIS. ^{(Back)}
Decrease in the result of the profit and loss account to be recorded in box [00314]: 1,500  750 = 750 euros
Therefore, in fiscal year 2022 and following , the corrections to be made (boxes [00313] and [00314]) will be:
Financial year  Tax amortization  Accounting amortization  Corrections  Form 200  

+    
2022  6,000 x 0.5 x 50% = 1,500  6,000 x 0.5 x 25% = 750    750  [00314] 
2023  6,000 x 50% = 3,000  6,000 x 25% = 1,500    1,500  [00314] 
2024  Rest of active value = 1,500  6,000 x 25% = 1,500       
2025    6,000 x 25% = 1,500  1,500    [00313] 
2026    Rest active value = 750  750    [00313] 
Total tax amortization = 1,500 + 3,000 + 1,500 = 6,000
Total accounting amortization = 750 + 1,500 + 1,500 + 1,500 + 750 = 6,000
Example 2 :
The entity "S" that in 2022 meets the requirements to be able to apply the tax incentives provided for small entities, acquires on January 1, 2022 , date on which a new machine is made available to the entity and comes into operation for the exercise of its activity for an amount of 500,000 euros.
The entity decides to account for the depreciation of the machine by applying the 20% coefficient.
The entity's workforce is as follows:
2021 : 2 fulltime workers all year round
2022 :
 3 fulltime workers are hired on 102 2022
 1 parttime worker is hired on 109 2022
2023 : On 0101 2023 the worker hired parttime is not renewed on 091 2022
The entity in 2022 estimated that in 2023 they would not renew the worker hired in that year on a parttime basis, so the calculations in 2022 are correct and in 2023 there would be no need to regularize.
The average of the staff is:
Average staff ( 2022 and 2023 ) = [(2 x 31) + (5 x 212) + (5.5 x 122) + (5 x 365)] ÷ 730 = 3,618 ÷ 730 = 4.95
Average staff in 2021 = 2
Δ Template = 2.95 (4.95  2)
This increase must be maintained in 2024 and 2025 .
The financial year of the entity coincides with the calendar year. The taxdeductible amortization in fiscal year 2022 will be as follows:

Maximum coefficient applicable to the machine according to the amortization tables of art. 12.1a) of the LIS: 12 percent 500,000 x 0.12 = 60,000

Accelerated amortization practiced (art. 103 LIS): 60,000 x 2 = 120,000

Freedom of amortization practiced (art. 102 LIS): 120,000 x 2.95 = 354,000
The accounting amortization carried out by entity “S” in fiscal year 2022 is as follows:
500,000 X 0.20 = 100,000
Therefore, the accounting and tax amortizations in the different years will be:
Financial year  Accounting amortization  Tax amortization  Corrections  Form 200  

+    
2022  100,000  354,000    254,000  [00312] 
2023  100,000  120,000    20,000  [00314] 
2024  100,000  26,000  74,000    [00311] 
2025  100,000    100,000    [00311] 
2026  100,000    80,000    [00311] 
2026      20,000  [00313] 