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Practical Manual of Companies 2022.

Freedom to depreciate (boxes 00311 and 00312)

According to the provisions of the first paragraph of article 11.3 of the LIS , the deduction of the excess of tax amortization by application of the freedom of amortization with respect to accounting amortization is not conditional on its accounting entry in the profit and loss account.

Therefore, small entities that apply this tax incentive under the terms of article 102 of the LIS, must make the following adjustments in boxes [00311] and [00312] « Small companies: freedom of amortization (art. 102 LIS)» on page 13 of model 200:

  • In box [00312] of reductions, they must include the amount of the excess of the tax amortization over the accounting amortization , of the corresponding element or elements, although said excess is not accounted for. In the tax periods subsequent to the one in which the element or elements in question have been fully depreciated for tax purposes, they must include in box [00311] of increases the amount of the accounting amortizations that remain on said elements.

  • In the tax period in which the transfer of the element or elements covered by the freedom of amortization occurs, they must include box [00311] of increases, the amount of the total of corresponding negative adjustments made and pending to be positively integrated into the tax base.

Below is an example of how small entities apply freedom of amortization, and how they should transfer these calculations to model 200 (you can also consult Example 2 of section Accelerated amortization on how these entities apply freedom of depreciation and accelerated depreciation together).


Company "R", which meets in 2022 the necessary requirements for the application of tax incentives for small companies, has acquired new property, plant and equipment for an amount of 200,000 euros. The acquisition is carried out on January 1, 2022 , the date on which such elements are made available to Company "R" and come into operation. The financial year of Company "R" coincides with the calendar year. It is estimated that the residual value of the elements is not significant, so the amortizable value coincides with the acquisition price.

The total average workforce of Company «R» in 2021 was 8.4 workers. Since you do not yet know the average workforce for the twenty-four months following January 1, 2022 (years 2022 and 2023 ), Company "R" must consider the convenience of determining the amount on which it can fiscally apply the freedom of amortization, since the increase in average headcount applicable to the figure of 120,000 euros cannot be calculated.

Company "R" decides to freely amortize the entire 200,000 euros in 2022 under article 102 of the LIS, given that it estimates that it will meet the requirements for increasing the average workforce and maintaining it. The accounting provision for amortization is made by applying a coefficient of 20 percent, which the company estimates as effective depreciation of such elements.

Corrections that Company “R” can make to determine the tax base of the Corporate Tax corresponding to 2022 (box [00312]):

Accounting amortizationTax amortizationDecrease in the result
of the profit and loss account
200,000 x 20% = 40,000 200,000 160,000

As of December 31, 2023 Company "R" already knows the average workforce for the twenty-four months included in the years 2022 and 2023 , which It is 10.6 workers. So,

Pm( 2022 - 2023 ) - Pm 2021 = 10.6 - 8.4 = 2, 2

The limit applicable to the freedom of amortization carried out in 2022 is 2.2 x 120,000 = 264,000. Thus, Company "R", by freely amortizing 200,000 euros in 2022 did not exceed the aforementioned limit.

Furthermore, assuming that the average workforce for the years 2024 and 2025 has been 10.8 workers, the increase in the average workforce for these years, compared to 2021 , is 2.4 (10.8 - 8.4). In this way, Company "R" has maintained the increase in staff of 2.2 workers from the years 2022-2023 compared to the year 2021 . In short, Company "R" has met all the requirements to be tax deductible in 2022 the amortization of 200,000 euros made.

In this case, the corrections to be made in the following exercises (boxes [00311] and [00312]) will be:

Financial yearAccounting amortizationTax amortizationCorrectionForm 200
2022 200,000 x 20% = 40,000 200,000 -160,000 [00312]
2023 200,000 x 20% = 40,000 --- +40,000 [00311]
2024 200,000 x 20% = 40,000 --- +40,000 [00311]
2025 200,000 x 20% = 40,000 --- +40,000 [00311]
2026 200,000 x 20% = 40,000 --- +40,000 [00311]

Total accounting amortization = 40,000 + 40,000 + 40,000 + 40,000 + 40,000 = 200,000

Total tax amortization = 200,000